📘 قراءة كتاب Cancer Cytogenetics Methods and Protocols أونلاين
Biology is a natural science that is concerned with the study of life, its various forms and its function, how these organisms interact with each other and with the surrounding environment. The word biology in Greek is made up of two words: bio (βίος) meaning life. And loggia (-λογία) means science or study. Biology: the similarity of vegetation and animal cover on the edges of the African and American states, and the existence of the same fossil.
Branches of biology
Biology is an ancient science thousands of years old and modern biology began in the nineteenth century. This science has multiple branches. Among them are:
Cytology or cell science
Ecology or environmental science
نبذه عن الكتاب:
The Clinical Value of Cytogenetic Studies
The vast majority of published cytogenetic studies of malignancy
have been of leukemias and related hematologic disorders (see Fig. 1),
even though these constitute only about 20% of all cancers. It follows that most of what is known about the clinical applications of
cytogenetic studies has been derived from hematologic malignancies. More recently, however, there has been a huge expansion in
knowledge of the recurrent abnormalities in some solid tumors, and
it is clear that in these, just as in the leukemias, cytogenetic abnormalities can help to define the diagnosis and to indicate clear prognostic differences. Consequently, cytogenetic studies of some solid
tumors are now also moving out of the research environment and
into routine clinical service
Who is the founder of biology?
The importance of biology
Areas of work in the field of biology
Theories of biology
Research on biology for the first grade of secondary school
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