📘 قراءة كتاب Protein Structure, Stability, and Folding أونلاين
Biology is a natural science that is concerned with the study of life, its various forms and its function, how these organisms interact with each other and with the surrounding environment. The word biology in Greek is made up of two words: bio (βίος) meaning life. And loggia (-λογία) means science or study. Biology: the similarity of vegetation and animal cover on the edges of the African and American states, and the existence of the same fossil.
Branches of biology
Biology is an ancient science thousands of years old and modern biology began in the nineteenth century. This science has multiple branches. Among them are:
Cytology or cell science
Ecology or environmental science
نبذه عن الكتاب:
In 1995, Humana Press published a book edited by Dr. Bret A. Shirley
entitled Protein Stability and Folding: Theory and Practice . This book detailed
the use of many of the most important techniques for studying the stability and
folding of proteins, but emphasized the Practice more than the Theory. The current volume, Protein Structure, Stability, and Folding , is a companion to the
earlier work. In this volume more emphasis is placed on the Theory, although
chapters on exciting new experimental approaches are included. Together, the
two volumes cover a broad range of experimental and computational approaches
to studying and understanding protein structure, stability, and folding.
Since the publication of Shirley's work, there have been many exciting
advances in both theory and experiment. Advances in the power of theoretical
approaches now make it feasible to calculate many aspects of protein stability
and dynamics from knowledge of the structure. The present book, Protein
Structure, Stability, and Folding includes chapters on these calculations, as
well as approaches for calculating conformational entropy and performing
molecular dynamics simulations of protein unfolding. New experimental
approaches are also being used to look at stability and folding. These include
the use of co-solvents, new applications of hydrogen exchange techniques,
temperature-jump methods for looking at fast folding events, and new strategies for mutagenesis experiments.
I would like to thank all the authors who contributed to this book for their
hard work and extraordinary patience. I would also like to thank my colleagues
in the Department of Biochemistry and especially the members of my laboratory for their encouragement in this project. Finally I would like to thank my
wife, Lee, and my children, Kevin, Katie, and Ellen, whose love and faith
make it all worthwhile.
Who is the founder of biology?
The importance of biology
Areas of work in the field of biology
Theories of biology
Research on biology for the first grade of secondary school
سنة النشر : 2001م / 1422هـ .
حجم الكتاب عند التحميل : 1.336 .
نوع الكتاب : pdf.
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