📘 قراءة كتاب Biological Nanostructures and Applications of Nanostructures in Biology Electrical, Mechanical, and Optical أونلاين
Biology is a natural science that is concerned with the study of life, its various forms and its function, how these organisms interact with each other and with the surrounding environment. The word biology in Greek is made up of two words: bio (βίος) meaning life. And loggia (-λογία) means science or study. Biology: the similarity of vegetation and animal cover on the edges of the African and American states, and the existence of the same fossil.
Branches of biology
Biology is an ancient science thousands of years old and modern biology began in the nineteenth century. This science has multiple branches. Among them are:
Cytology or cell science
Ecology or environmental science
نبذه عن الكتاب:
Nanostructures are playing a fundamental role in the advancement of biology as
a result of the continuing dramatic progress in understanding the electronic, optical,
and mechanical properties of an ever increasing variety of nanostructures. This book
on “Biological Nanostructures and Applications of Nanostructures in Biology:
Electrical, Mechanical, and Optical Properties” highlights recent past advances at the
interface between the science and technology of nanostructures and the science of
biology. Moreover, this book supplements these past groundbreaking discoveries
with discussions of promising new avenues of research that reveal the enormous
potential of emerging approaches in nanobiotechnology.
A dominant trend of the last two decades has been down scaling of electronic,
optoelectronic, and mechanical devices and structures from micron scale to those
with features into the nano-dimensional regime. In most cases, this downscaling has
not been possible without taking into account the dramatic differences between
micron-scale phenomena that may be described frequently in terms of classical
theories and nanoscale phenomena that generally require the consideration of
quantum nature of matter. Moreover, many new technologies – such as those of
heteroepitaxy, synthesis of carbon nanotubes, and synthesis of nanostructures
through colloidal chemistry – have emerged and been developed. In recent years,
these developments have been recognized as offering powerful tools in the quest to
advance the basic understanding of biological systems as well as in biomedical
applications of nanotechnology. As an example of a widespread application of
nanotechnology, the diversity of heterojunctions as well as dramatic advances in
semiconductor growth and processing technologies are opening the way to new
heterojunction-device technologies and leading to many new avenues for realizing
novel families of quantum-based electronic and optoelectronic devices and systems.
Even more important from the perspective of biological applications, the alreadylarge number of applications of advanced semiconductor heterostructures
Who is the founder of biology?
The importance of biology
Areas of work in the field of biology
Theories of biology
Research on biology for the first grade of secondary school
سنة النشر : 2004م / 1425هـ .
حجم الكتاب عند التحميل : 5.405 .
نوع الكتاب : pdf.
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