📘 قراءة كتاب Oxford Portraits in Science Rebecca Stefoff أونلاين
Biology is a natural science that is concerned with the study of life, its various forms and its function, how these organisms interact with each other and with the surrounding environment. The word biology in Greek is made up of two words: bio (βίος) meaning life. And loggia (-λογία) means science or study. Biology: the similarity of vegetation and animal cover on the edges of the African and American states, and the existence of the same fossil.
Branches of biology
Biology is an ancient science thousands of years old and modern biology began in the nineteenth century. This science has multiple branches. Among them are:
Cytology or cell science
Ecology or environmental science
نبذه عن الكتاب:
On September 15, 1835, a small ship called the Beagle sailed
toward a cluster of islands that lie scattered across the equator in the Pacific Ocean, some 600 miles off the west coast
of South America. Aboard the Beagle a young scientist
named Charles Darwin eagerly awaited a glimpse of land.
The first island he saw, however, was a disappointment.
“Nothing could be less inviting than the first appearance,”
he wrote in his journal. The landscape was a broken field of
black lava, rising in rugged peaks that were gouged by deep,
gaping crevasses. A few stunted, leafless bushes were the
only signs of life. Robert FitzRoy, the Beagle’s captain,
compared the hot, desolate island to hell, and Darwin
wrote, “The dry and parched surface, being heated by the
noonday sun, gave to the air a close and sultry feeling, like
that from a stove: we fancied even that the bushes smelt
unpleasantly.” This was Darwin’s introduction to the
Galápagos Islands. Dismal and lifeless as they seemed at first,
these islands were to play a vital role in Darwin’s work—
work that would revolutionize humankind’s understanding
of life on this planet.
Who is the founder of biology?
The importance of biology
Areas of work in the field of biology
Theories of biology
Research on biology for the first grade of secondary school
سنة النشر : 1996م / 1417هـ .
حجم الكتاب عند التحميل : 1.17 .
نوع الكتاب : pdf.
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