📘 قراءة كتاب Systematics Association special volume series أونلاين
Biology is a natural science that is concerned with the study of life, its various forms and its function, how these organisms interact with each other and with the surrounding environment. The word biology in Greek is made up of two words: bio (βίος) meaning life. And loggia (-λογία) means science or study. Biology: the similarity of vegetation and animal cover on the edges of the African and American states, and the existence of the same fossil.
Branches of biology
Biology is an ancient science thousands of years old and modern biology began in the nineteenth century. This science has multiple branches. Among them are:
Cytology or cell science
Ecology or environmental science
نبذه عن الكتاب:
This book arises from a symposium ‘Morphology, shape and phylogenetics’ which
formed part of the Second Biennial International Conference of the Systematics
Association held at the University of Glasgow in August 1999. The aim of the Biennial
conferences is to encourage discussion between many systematists who, although
they specialise in specific taxonomic groups, confront common methodological and
theoretical problems. The aim is to encourage younger scientists both to present their
own work but also to become involved in broader systematic issues. As a catalyst these
symposia bring together scientists with contrasting views.
This particular symposium, dedicated to the relationship between morphometrics
and systematics, was stimulated by recent publications which have suggested ways
in which morphometric data may be used in phylogenetic systematics as well as a
synthesis of morphometric methods. The time seemed right for a compilation of ideas.
We would like to thank the Systematics Association, Dr Gordon Curry, University
of Glasgow and his team of organisers who made the symposium possible
Who is the founder of biology?
The importance of biology
Areas of work in the field of biology
Theories of biology
Research on biology for the first grade of secondary school
سنة النشر : 2002م / 1423هـ .
حجم الكتاب عند التحميل : 3.24 .
نوع الكتاب : pdf.
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