📘 قراءة كتاب Series on Bioinformatics_ Computational Techniques and Engineering أونلاين
Biology is a natural science that is concerned with the study of life, its various forms and its function, how these organisms interact with each other and with the surrounding environment. The word biology in Greek is made up of two words: bio (βίος) meaning life. And loggia (-λογία) means science or study. Biology: the similarity of vegetation and animal cover on the edges of the African and American states, and the existence of the same fossil.
Branches of biology
Biology is an ancient science thousands of years old and modern biology began in the nineteenth century. This science has multiple branches. Among them are:
Cytology or cell science
Ecology or environmental science
نبذه عن الكتاب:
Recent progress in the determination of genomic sequences has yielded many
millions of gene sequences. But what do these sequences tell us, and what
generalities and rules are governed by them? There is more to life than the
genomic blueprint of each organism. Life functions within the natural laws
that we know and those we do not know. It appears that we understand very
little about genetic contexts required to “ read ” these sequences. Mathematics
can be used to understand life from the molecular level to the level of the
biosphere. This book is intended to further integrate the mathematics and
biological sciences. The reader will gain valuable knowledge about mathematical methods and tools, phenomenological results, and interdisciplinary connections in the fi elds of molecular genetics, bioinformatics, and informatics.
Historically, mathematics, probability, and statistics have been widely used
in the biological sciences. Science is challenged to understand the system
organization of the molecular genetics ensemble, with its unique properties of
reliability and productivity. Disclosing key aspects of this organization constitutes a big step in science about nature as a whole and in creating the most
productive biotechnologies. Knowledge of this structural organization should
become a part of mathematical natural science.
Who is the founder of biology?
The importance of biology
Areas of work in the field of biology
Theories of biology
Research on biology for the first grade of secondary school
سنة النشر : 2011م / 1432هـ .
حجم الكتاب عند التحميل : 2.39 .
نوع الكتاب : pdf.
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