📘 قراءة كتاب Bioinformatics Genomics and Post-Genomics أونلاين
Biology is a natural science that is concerned with the study of life, its various forms and its function, how these organisms interact with each other and with the surrounding environment. The word biology in Greek is made up of two words: bio (βίος) meaning life. And loggia (-λογία) means science or study. Biology: the similarity of vegetation and animal cover on the edges of the African and American states, and the existence of the same fossil.
Branches of biology
Biology is an ancient science thousands of years old and modern biology began in the nineteenth century. This science has multiple branches. Among them are:
Cytology or cell science
Ecology or environmental science
نبذه عن الكتاب:
This book is directly based on a course that we teach at the École Polytechnique.
We thank all our colleagues and friends there who have made its existence
and publication possible:
Sylvain Blanquet, Chairman of the Biology Department, who first thought of
creating this interdisciplinary course some ten years ago, when such a project
was highly innovative. He has followed and supported the development of the
project in the context of the genomic revolution.
Jean-Marc Steyaert, our colleague at the Computer Science Department,
where he initiated the teaching of bioinformatics, and in which he remains
active. His critical attention, constant theoretical and methodological contributions,
and increasing involvement in biological problematics, have contributed
in an essential way to bringing this book about, as well as influencing its
Who is the founder of biology?
The importance of biology
Areas of work in the field of biology
Theories of biology
Research on biology for the first grade of secondary school
سنة النشر : 2006م / 1427هـ .
حجم الكتاب عند التحميل : 4.128 .
نوع الكتاب : pdf.
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