📘 قراءة كتاب Institutional interaction in global environmental governance_ synergy and conflict among international and EU policie أونلاين
Biology is a natural science that is concerned with the study of life, its various forms and its function, how these organisms interact with each other and with the surrounding environment. The word biology in Greek is made up of two words: bio (βίος) meaning life. And loggia (-λογία) means science or study. Biology: the similarity of vegetation and animal cover on the edges of the African and American states, and the existence of the same fossil.
Branches of biology
Biology is an ancient science thousands of years old and modern biology began in the nineteenth century. This science has multiple branches. Among them are:
Cytology or cell science
Ecology or environmental science
نبذه عن الكتاب:
International and EU environmental governance is affected by the interaction of
numerous sectoral legal instruments. International environmental regimes and EU
environmental instruments do not exist in isolation from each other or from institutions in other policy fields. While they are usually targeted at specific issue areas,
their effects are not limited to their own domains. Frequently, they exert influence
on the development and effectiveness of other policy instruments, and are themselves influenced by other such instruments, both within the same policy field
and beyond (‘‘institutional interaction’’). This influence may create synergy by supporting the policy of the affected institution or it may undermine and disrupt its
effectiveness. Hence, interinstitutional influence may be employed to enhance international and EU environmental governance, but it also aggravates the difficulties of
This book seeks to understand how institutional interaction can occur and what
its governance effects are. It is based on a coherent analytic approach to the relatively novel subject of institutional interaction and explores interaction phenomena
in international and EU environmental governance from a comparative perspective.
We focus on the investigation of the causal mechanisms that drive individual cases
of interaction in which one international institution or EU legal instrument affects
another’s effectiveness or institutional development. Our empirical investigation
covers a broad range of interaction phenomena in EU and international environmental governance and reaches beyond the ad hoc study of individual cases or limited ‘‘nests’’ of interacting institutions prevailing in the field to date.
Who is the founder of biology?
The importance of biology
Areas of work in the field of biology
Theories of biology
Research on biology for the first grade of secondary school
سنة النشر : 2000م / 1421هـ .
حجم الكتاب عند التحميل : 4.30 .
نوع الكتاب : pdf.
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