📘 قراءة كتاب Wheeler's Dental Anatomy, Physiology and Occlusion أونلاين
1 Introduction to Dental Anatomy, 1
Formation of the Dentitions (Overview), 1
Formulae for Mammalian Teeth, 2
Tooth Numbering Systems, 2
Division into Thirds, Line Angles, and Point Angles, 9
Tooth Drawing and Carving, 10
Measurement of Teeth, 11
2 Development and Eruption of
the Teeth, 21
Clinical Considerations, 21
Chronology of Primary Dentition, 23
Development and Eruption/Emergence of the Teeth, 23
The Dentitions, 26
Neuromuscular Development, 27
Transitional (Mixed) Dentition Period, 28
Loss of Primary Teeth, 29
Permanent Dentition, 30
Size of Teeth, 31
Dental Pulp, 31
Cementoenamel Junction, 32
Dental Age, 33
Tooth Formation Standards, 35
Chronologies of Human Dentition, 35
Types of Chronologies, 35
Stages of Tooth Formation, 35
Age of Attainment, 35
Age Prediction, 37
Maturity Assessment, 37
Duration of Root and Crown Formation, 40
Summary of Chronologies, 41
Sequence of Eruption, 41
Estimating Time of Enamel Hypoplasia, 41
3 The Primary (Deciduous) Teeth, 45
Life Cycle, 45
Importance of Primary Teeth, 45
Major Contrasts between Primary and Permanent
Pulp Chambers and Pulp Canals, 48
Detailed Description of Each Primary Tooth, 50
4 Forensics, Comparative Anatomy,
Geometries, and Form and Function, 67
Forensic Dentistry, 67
Comparative Dental Anatomy, 69
Facial and Lingual Aspects of All Teeth, 73
Summary of Schematic Outlines, 75
Form and Function of the Permanent Dentition, 75
Alignment, Contacts, and Occlusion, 76
5 Orofacial Complex: Form and
Form and Function, 81
Form Follows Function, 81
Articulation of Teeth, 81
Physiological Form of the Teeth and Periodontium, 82
Fundamental Curvatures, 82
Proximal Contact Areas, 82
Interproximal Spaces (Formed by Proximal Surfaces in
Embrasures (Spillways), 86
Contact Areas and Incisal and Occlusal Embrasures from
the Labial and Buccal Aspect, 88
Contact Areas and Labial, Buccal, and Lingual Embrasures
from the Incisal and Occlusal Aspects, 89
Facial and Lingual Contours at the Cervical Thirds
(Cervical Ridges) and Lingual Contours at the Middle
Thirds of Crowns, 91
The Height of Epithelial Attachment: Curvatures of
the Cervical Lines (Cementoenamel Junction [CEJ])
Mesially and Distally, 94
Now in full color, this essential text features a visually oriented presentation of dental anatomy, physiology, and occlusion ― the foundation for all of the dental sciences. Coverage includes discussions of clinical considerations, dentitions, pulp formation, and the sequence of eruptions. In addition to detailed content on dental macromorphology and evidence-based chronologies of the human dentitions, this edition also includes flash cards, an updated Companion CD-ROM, and Evolve resources that make this text a comprehensive resource for dental anatomy.
Understand the standards of tooth formation and apply them to clinical presentations with the Development and Eruption of the Teeth chapter.
Focus on the functions and esthetics of disorders you’ll encounter in daily practice with content on TMJ and muscle disorders.
Get a concise review of dentition development from in-utero to adolescence to adulthood with the appendix of tooth morphology.
All line drawings and essential photos have been replaced with full-color pieces.
Sharpen your knowledge with interactive learning tools and expanded content on the Companion CD-ROM including study questions, 360-degree rotational tooth viewing, and animations.
Test your knowledge on labeling, tooth numbering, and tooth type traits and prepare for Board exams with flash cards.
Find even more study opportunities on the Evolve website with a PowerPoint presentation, flash cards, a test bank, and labeling exercises.
سنة النشر : 2002م / 1423هـ .
حجم الكتاب عند التحميل : 28.3 ميجا بايت .
نوع الكتاب : pdf.
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