📘 قراءة رواية Jurassic Park أونلاين
هذا القسم يحتوي علي العديد من القصص والروايات باللغة الإنجليزية
(Stories and novels) القصص والروايات
الرواية هي سرد نثري طويل يصف شخصيات خيالية أو واقعية وأحداثاً على شكل قصة متسلسلة، كما أنها أكبر الأجناس القصصية من حيث الحجم وتعدد الشخصيات وتنوع الأحداث، وقد ظهرت في أوروبا بوصفها جنساً أدبياً مؤثراً في القرن الثامن عشر، والرواية حكاية تعتمد السرد بما فيه من وصف وحوار وصراع بين الشخصيات وما ينطوي عليه ذلك من تأزم وجدل وتغذيه الأحداث
A novel is a relatively long work of narrative fiction, normally written in prose form, and which is typically published as a book. The present English word for a long work of prose fiction derives from the Italian novella for "new", "news", or "short story of something new", itself from the Latin novella, a singular noun use of the neuter plural of novellus, diminutive of novus, meaning "new". Walter Scott made a distinction between the novel, in which (as he saw it) "events are accommodated to the ordinary train of human events and the modern state of society" and the romance, which he defined as "a fictitious narrative in prose or verse; the interest of which turns upon marvellous and uncommon incidents". However, many such romances, including the historical romances of Scott, Emily Brontë's Wuthering Heights and Herman Melville's Moby-Dick, are also frequently called novels, and Scott describes romance as a "kindred term". This sort of romance is in turn different from the genre fiction love romance or romance novel
A short story is a piece of prose fiction that typically can be read in one sitting and focuses on a self-contained incident or series of linked incidents, with the intent of evoking a "single effect" or mood.
A dictionary definition is "an invented prose narrative shorter than a novel usually dealing with a few characters and aiming at unity of effect and often concentrating on the creation of mood rather than plot."
The short story is a crafted form in its own right. Short stories make use of plot, resonance, and other dynamic components as in a novel, but typically to a lesser degree. While the short story is largely distinct from the novel or novella (a shorter novel), authors generally draw from a common pool of literary techniques.
"The InGen Incident"
The late twentieth century has witnessed a scientific gold rush of astonishing proportions: the
headlong and furious haste to commercialize genetic engineering. This enterprise has proceeded
so rapidly-with so little outside commentary-that its dimensions and implications are hardly
understood at all.
Biotechnology promises the greatest revolution in human history. By the end of this decade, it
will have outdistanced atomic power and computers in its effect on our everyday lives. In the
words of one observer, "Biotechnology is going to transform every aspect of human life: our
medical care, our food, our health, our entertainment, our very bodies. Nothing will ever be the
same again. It's literally going to change the face of the planet."
But the biotechnology revolution differs in three important respects from past scientific
First, it is broad-based. America entered the atomic age through the work of a single research
institution, at Los Alamos. It entered the computer age through the efforts of about a dozen
companies. But biotecbnology research is now carried out in more than two thousand
laboratories in America alone. Five hundred corporations spend five billion dollars a year on this
Second, much of the research is thoughtless or frivolous. Efforts to engineer paler trout for
better visibility in the stream, square trees for easier lumbering, and injectable scent cells so you'll
always smell of your favorite perfume may seem like a joke, but they are not. Indeed, the fact that
biotechnology can be applied to the industries traditionally subject to the vagaries of fashion,
such as cosmetics and leisure activities, heightens concern about the whimsical use of this
powerful new technology.
Third, the work is uncontrolled. No one supervises it. No federal laws regulate it. There is no
coherent government policy, in America or anywhere else in the world. And because the products
of biotechnology range from drugs to farm crops to artificial snow, an intelligent policy is difficult.
But most disturbing is the fact that no watchdogs are found among scientists themselves. It is
remarkable that nearly every scientist in genetics research is also engaged in the commerce of
biotechnology. There are no detached observers. Everybody has a stake.
سنة النشر : 1990م / 1410هـ .
حجم الكتاب عند التحميل : 1.5MB .
نوع الكتاب : pdf.
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