❞ رواية Flatland ❝  ⏤ Edwin A. Abbott

❞ رواية Flatland ❝ ⏤ Edwin A. Abbott

Flatland

I call our world Flatland, not because we call it so, but to make its nature clearer to you, my happy
readers, who are privileged to live in Space.
Imagine a vast sheet of paper on which straight Lines, Triangles, Squares, Pentagons, Hexagons, and
other figures, instead of remaining fixed in their places, move freely about, on or in the surface, but
without the power of rising above or sinking below it, very much like shadows - only hard and with
luminous edges - and you will then have a pretty correct notion of my country and countrymen. Alas, a
few years ago, I should have said ``my universe''; but now my mind has been opened to higher views of
things.
In such a country, you will perceive at once that it is impossible that there should be anything of what
you call a ``solid'' kind; but I dare say you will suppose that we could at least distinguish by sight the
Triangles, Squares, and other figures, moving about as I have described them. On the contrary, we could
see nothing of the kind, not at least so as to distinguish one figure from another. Nothing was visible, nor
could be visible, to us, except Straight Lines; and the necessity of this I will speedily demonstrate.
Place a penny on the middle of one of your tables in Space; and leaning over it, look down upon it. It will
appear a circle.
But now, drawing back to the edge of the table, gradually lower your eye (thus bringing yourself more
and more into the condition of the inhabitants of Flatland), and you will find the penny becoming more
and more oval to your view; and at last when you have placed your eye exactly on the edge of the table
(so that you are, as it were, actually a Flatlander) the penny will then have ceased to appear oval at all,
and will have become, so far as you can see, a straight line.

Edwin A. Abbott - ❰ له مجموعة من المؤلفات أبرزها ❞ Flatland ❝ الناشرين : ❞ Cambridge ; New York : Cambridge University Press ; Washington, D.C. : Mathematical Association of America ❝ ❱
من Stories and novels كتب تعلم اللغة الإنجليزية - مكتبة كتب تعلم اللغات.

نُبذة عن الكتاب:
Flatland

2010م - 1443هـ
Flatland

I call our world Flatland, not because we call it so, but to make its nature clearer to you, my happy
readers, who are privileged to live in Space.
Imagine a vast sheet of paper on which straight Lines, Triangles, Squares, Pentagons, Hexagons, and
other figures, instead of remaining fixed in their places, move freely about, on or in the surface, but
without the power of rising above or sinking below it, very much like shadows - only hard and with
luminous edges - and you will then have a pretty correct notion of my country and countrymen. Alas, a
few years ago, I should have said ``my universe''; but now my mind has been opened to higher views of
things.
In such a country, you will perceive at once that it is impossible that there should be anything of what
you call a ``solid'' kind; but I dare say you will suppose that we could at least distinguish by sight the
Triangles, Squares, and other figures, moving about as I have described them. On the contrary, we could
see nothing of the kind, not at least so as to distinguish one figure from another. Nothing was visible, nor
could be visible, to us, except Straight Lines; and the necessity of this I will speedily demonstrate.
Place a penny on the middle of one of your tables in Space; and leaning over it, look down upon it. It will
appear a circle.
But now, drawing back to the edge of the table, gradually lower your eye (thus bringing yourself more
and more into the condition of the inhabitants of Flatland), and you will find the penny becoming more
and more oval to your view; and at last when you have placed your eye exactly on the edge of the table
(so that you are, as it were, actually a Flatlander) the penny will then have ceased to appear oval at all,
and will have become, so far as you can see, a straight line.


.
المزيد..

تعليقات القرّاء:

هذا القسم يحتوي علي العديد من القصص والروايات باللغة الإنجليزية

(Stories and novels) القصص والروايات
الرواية هي سرد نثري طويل يصف شخصيات خيالية أو واقعية وأحداثاً على شكل قصة متسلسلة، كما أنها أكبر الأجناس القصصية من حيث الحجم وتعدد الشخصيات وتنوع الأحداث، وقد ظهرت في أوروبا بوصفها جنساً أدبياً مؤثراً في القرن الثامن عشر، والرواية حكاية تعتمد السرد بما فيه من وصف وحوار وصراع بين الشخصيات وما ينطوي عليه ذلك من تأزم وجدل وتغذيه الأحداث
A novel is a relatively long work of narrative fiction, normally written in prose form, and which is typically published as a book. The present English word for a long work of prose fiction derives from the Italian novella for "new", "news", or "short story of something new", itself from the Latin novella, a singular noun use of the neuter plural of novellus, diminutive of novus, meaning "new". Walter Scott made a distinction between the novel, in which (as he saw it) "events are accommodated to the ordinary train of human events and the modern state of society" and the romance, which he defined as "a fictitious narrative in prose or verse; the interest of which turns upon marvellous and uncommon incidents". However, many such romances, including the historical romances of Scott, Emily Brontë's Wuthering Heights and Herman Melville's Moby-Dick, are also frequently called novels, and Scott describes romance as a "kindred term". This sort of romance is in turn different from the genre fiction love romance or romance novel
A short story is a piece of prose fiction that typically can be read in one sitting and focuses on a self-contained incident or series of linked incidents, with the intent of evoking a "single effect" or mood.

A dictionary definition is "an invented prose narrative shorter than a novel usually dealing with a few characters and aiming at unity of effect and often concentrating on the creation of mood rather than plot."

The short story is a crafted form in its own right. Short stories make use of plot, resonance, and other dynamic components as in a novel, but typically to a lesser degree. While the short story is largely distinct from the novel or novella (a shorter novel), authors generally draw from a common pool of literary techniques.

Flatland    

I call our world Flatland, not because we call it so, but to make its nature clearer to you, my happy
readers, who are privileged to live in Space.
Imagine a vast sheet of paper on which straight Lines, Triangles, Squares, Pentagons, Hexagons, and
other figures, instead of remaining fixed in their places, move freely about, on or in the surface, but
without the power of rising above or sinking below it, very much like shadows - only hard and with
luminous edges - and you will then have a pretty correct notion of my country and countrymen. Alas, a
few years ago, I should have said ``my universe''; but now my mind has been opened to higher views of
things.
In such a country, you will perceive at once that it is impossible that there should be anything of what
you call a ``solid'' kind; but I dare say you will suppose that we could at least distinguish by sight the
Triangles, Squares, and other figures, moving about as I have described them. On the contrary, we could
see nothing of the kind, not at least so as to distinguish one figure from another. Nothing was visible, nor
could be visible, to us, except Straight Lines; and the necessity of this I will speedily demonstrate.
Place a penny on the middle of one of your tables in Space; and leaning over it, look down upon it. It will
appear a circle.
But now, drawing back to the edge of the table, gradually lower your eye (thus bringing yourself more
and more into the condition of the inhabitants of Flatland), and you will find the penny becoming more
and more oval to your view; and at last when you have placed your eye exactly on the edge of the table
(so that you are, as it were, actually a Flatlander) the penny will then have ceased to appear oval at all,
and will have become, so far as you can see, a straight line. 

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سنة النشر : 2010م / 1431هـ .
حجم الكتاب عند التحميل : 0.5MB .
نوع الكتاب : pdf.
عداد القراءة: عدد قراءة Flatland

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المؤلف:
Edwin A. Abbott -

كتب Edwin A. Abbott ❰ له مجموعة من المؤلفات أبرزها ❞ Flatland ❝ الناشرين : ❞ Cambridge ; New York : Cambridge University Press ; Washington, D.C. : Mathematical Association of America ❝ ❱. المزيد..

كتب Edwin A. Abbott
الناشر:
Cambridge ; New York : Cambridge University Press ; Washington, D.C. : Mathematical Association of America
كتب Cambridge ; New York : Cambridge University Press ; Washington, D.C. : Mathematical Association of America.المزيد.. كتب Cambridge ; New York : Cambridge University Press ; Washington, D.C. : Mathematical Association of America
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