📘 قراءة رواية Le Morte D'Arthur أونلاين
هذا القسم يحتوي علي العديد من القصص والروايات باللغة الإنجليزية
(Stories and novels) القصص والروايات
الرواية هي سرد نثري طويل يصف شخصيات خيالية أو واقعية وأحداثاً على شكل قصة متسلسلة، كما أنها أكبر الأجناس القصصية من حيث الحجم وتعدد الشخصيات وتنوع الأحداث، وقد ظهرت في أوروبا بوصفها جنساً أدبياً مؤثراً في القرن الثامن عشر، والرواية حكاية تعتمد السرد بما فيه من وصف وحوار وصراع بين الشخصيات وما ينطوي عليه ذلك من تأزم وجدل وتغذيه الأحداث
A novel is a relatively long work of narrative fiction, normally written in prose form, and which is typically published as a book. The present English word for a long work of prose fiction derives from the Italian novella for "new", "news", or "short story of something new", itself from the Latin novella, a singular noun use of the neuter plural of novellus, diminutive of novus, meaning "new". Walter Scott made a distinction between the novel, in which (as he saw it) "events are accommodated to the ordinary train of human events and the modern state of society" and the romance, which he defined as "a fictitious narrative in prose or verse; the interest of which turns upon marvellous and uncommon incidents". However, many such romances, including the historical romances of Scott, Emily Brontë's Wuthering Heights and Herman Melville's Moby-Dick, are also frequently called novels, and Scott describes romance as a "kindred term". This sort of romance is in turn different from the genre fiction love romance or romance novel
A short story is a piece of prose fiction that typically can be read in one sitting and focuses on a self-contained incident or series of linked incidents, with the intent of evoking a "single effect" or mood.
A dictionary definition is "an invented prose narrative shorter than a novel usually dealing with a few characters and aiming at unity of effect and often concentrating on the creation of mood rather than plot."
The short story is a crafted form in its own right. Short stories make use of plot, resonance, and other dynamic components as in a novel, but typically to a lesser degree. While the short story is largely distinct from the novel or novella (a shorter novel), authors generally draw from a common pool of literary techniques.
Le Morte D'Arthur
IT befell in the days of Uther Pendragon, when he was king of all England, and so reigned, that
there was a mighty duke in Cornwall that held war against him long time. And the duke was called the
Duke of Tintagil. And so by means King Uther sent for this duke, charging him to bring his wife with
him, for she was called a fair lady, and a passing wise, and her name was called Igraine.
So when the duke and his wife were come unto the king, by the means of great lords they were
accorded both. The king liked and loved this lady well, and he made them great cheer out of measure,
and desired to have lain by her. But she was a passing good woman, and would not assent unto the
king. And then she told the duke her husband, and said, I suppose that we were sent for that I should be
dishonoured; wherefore, husband, I counsel you, that we depart from hence suddenly, that we may ride
all night unto our own castle. And in like wise as she said so they departed, that neither the king nor
none of his council were ware of their departing. All so soon as King Uther knew of their departing so
suddenly, he was wonderly wroth. Then he called to him his privy council, and told them of the sudden
departing of the duke and his wife.
Then they advised the king to send for the duke and his wife by a great charge; and if he will not
come at your summons, then may ye do your best, then have ye cause to make mighty war upon him.
So that was done, and the messengers had their answers; and that was this shortly, that neither he nor
his wife would not come at him.
Then was the king wonderly wroth. And then the king sent him plain word again, and bade him be
ready and stuff him and garnish him, for within forty days he would fetch him out of the biggest castle
that he hath.
When the duke had this warning, anon he went and furnished and garnished two strong castles of
his, of the which the one hight Tintagil, and the other castle hight Terrabil. So his wife Dame Igraine he
put in the castle of Tintagil, and himself he put in the castle of Terrabil, the which had many issues and
posterns out. Then in all haste came Uther with a great host, and laid a siege about the castle of
Terrabil. And there he pight many pavilions, and there was great war made on both parties, and much
people slain. Then for pure anger and for great love of fair Igraine the king Uther fell sick.
Le Morte D'Arthur pdf
سنة النشر : 1999م / 1420هـ .
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