📘 قراءة قصة The Sorrows of Young Werther أونلاين
هذا القسم يحتوي علي العديد من القصص والروايات باللغة الإنجليزية
(Stories and novels) القصص والروايات
الرواية هي سرد نثري طويل يصف شخصيات خيالية أو واقعية وأحداثاً على شكل قصة متسلسلة، كما أنها أكبر الأجناس القصصية من حيث الحجم وتعدد الشخصيات وتنوع الأحداث، وقد ظهرت في أوروبا بوصفها جنساً أدبياً مؤثراً في القرن الثامن عشر، والرواية حكاية تعتمد السرد بما فيه من وصف وحوار وصراع بين الشخصيات وما ينطوي عليه ذلك من تأزم وجدل وتغذيه الأحداث
A novel is a relatively long work of narrative fiction, normally written in prose form, and which is typically published as a book. The present English word for a long work of prose fiction derives from the Italian novella for "new", "news", or "short story of something new", itself from the Latin novella, a singular noun use of the neuter plural of novellus, diminutive of novus, meaning "new". Walter Scott made a distinction between the novel, in which (as he saw it) "events are accommodated to the ordinary train of human events and the modern state of society" and the romance, which he defined as "a fictitious narrative in prose or verse; the interest of which turns upon marvellous and uncommon incidents". However, many such romances, including the historical romances of Scott, Emily Brontë's Wuthering Heights and Herman Melville's Moby-Dick, are also frequently called novels, and Scott describes romance as a "kindred term". This sort of romance is in turn different from the genre fiction love romance or romance novel
A short story is a piece of prose fiction that typically can be read in one sitting and focuses on a self-contained incident or series of linked incidents, with the intent of evoking a "single effect" or mood.
A dictionary definition is "an invented prose narrative shorter than a novel usually dealing with a few characters and aiming at unity of effect and often concentrating on the creation of mood rather than plot."
The short story is a crafted form in its own right. Short stories make use of plot, resonance, and other dynamic components as in a novel, but typically to a lesser degree. While the short story is largely distinct from the novel or novella (a shorter novel), authors generally draw from a common pool of literary techniques.
The Sorrows of Young Werther
On 30th october 1772, Legation Secretary Karl Wilhelm
Jerusalem in Wetzlar shot and killed himself with
a pistol borrowed from J.C. Kestner, a friend of Goethe.
Jerusalem was Goethe’s friend too; he had first met Goethe,
who was two years his junior, as a student in Leipzig, and
their association had been renewed that summer in Wetzlar.
The tragedy made a profound impression on Goethe, and I
see in The Sorrows of Young Werther a certain vindication of
his friend (what his contemporary Lessing might have termed
a Rettung, i.e., a rescue from misjudgement). Jerusalem’s
death must have been discussed with animation and some
heat, and much of what Goethe put into Werther’s letter
of 12th August 1771 was no doubt a digest of arguments
which he had himself used in trying to explain, if not to
justify, Jerusalem’s act. I think even the hero’s name may be
significant, for in German the word wert (old spelling werth)
means “worthy, estimable”.
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سنة النشر : 1970م / 1390هـ .
حجم الكتاب عند التحميل : 96.9kB .
نوع الكتاب : pdf.
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